Spinal stenosis [top]

  • Leg pain, back pain chronic back pain
  • Pain, weakness on prolonged standing
  • History of degenerative spinal disease
  • No features of peripheral vascular disease

Spinal tuberculosis [top]

  • Progressive onset of back pain or leg weakness chronic back pain
  • Fever is usually absent
  • Elevated inflammatory markers
  • Can lead to psoas abscess
  • Risk factors: Exposure to TB, immunosupression

Spinal abscess [top]

  • Progressive onset of back pain or leg weakness chronic back pain
  • Fever may be present or absent
  • Elevated inflammatory markers
  • Risk factors: Spinal surgery, diabetes, lumbar puncture, epidural

Spinal tumour [top]

  • Progressive onset of constant back pain over months chronic back pain
  • Progressive neurological deficit affecting legs
  • May be weight loss associated with primary tumour