Cerebrovascular accident [top]

  • Acute neurological deficit: dysphasia, hemiparesis, hemianopia
  • Deficit persists for greater than 24 hours
  • Risk factor for embolism: atrial fibrillation, ventricular thrombus, carotid artery stenosis, mechanical heart valve

Transient ischaemic attack [top]

  • Acute neurological deficit: dysphasia, hemiparesis, hemianopia
  • Deficit resolves within 24 hours
  • Risk factor for embolism: atrial fibrillation, ventricular thrombus, carotid artery stenosis, mechanical heart valve

Multiple sclerosis [top]

  • Multiple distinct neurological deficits over a period of time
  • Hemiplegia, nystagmus, vertigo, muscle weakness, dysphasia transient neurological deficit
  • Optic atrophy

Intracranial haemorrhage [top]

  • Acute neurological deficit: dysphasia, hemiparesis, hemianopia
  • Acute headache, vomiting
  • History of anticoagulant therapy or bleeding diathesis