Tuberculous arthritis [top]

  • Joint pain and swelling hip pain
  • Risk factors for tuberculosis

Osteoarthritis [top]

  • Joint pain, deformity joint deformity usually in the elderly
  • Predominantly affects hips hip pain, knees knee pain, distal interphalangeal joints, spine elbow pain
  • Crepitus joint crepitus on passive movement, effusion joint effusion
  • Heberden's nodes
  • Increased pain throughout the day
  • History of injury or overuse of affected joints

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis [top]

  • Hip pain, Coxa vara Increased angle between neck and shaft of femur
  • Groin pain or referred pain to thigh or knee due to pressure on obturator nerve
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Usually in obese adolescent males

Perthe's disease [top]

  • Hip pain and limp in child, usually male, under the age of 14
  • Caused by avascular necrosis of the femoral head

Developmental dysplasia of the hip [top]

  • Usually diagnosed due to clunk on newborn examination
  • May have asymmetrical skin folds, not painful or otherwise symptomatic in neonate
  • If undiagnosed leads to hip pain, stiffness in older child