Sicca syndrome [top]

  • Dry eyes
  • Dry mouth (xerostomia)
  • Associated autuimmune disease

Singer's nodes [top]

  • Progressive hoarseness over several months
  • Heavy voice usage: Lecturer, Singer etc

Granulomatous disease [top]

  • History of sarcoid, TB etc

Vocal cord paralysis [top]

  • Hoarseness
  • Bovine cough
  • Preceding neck surgery / malignancy
  • History of neurological disease

Functional hoarseness [top]

  • Hoarseness
  • No demonstratable pathology

Hypothyroidism [top]

  • Weight gain
  • Coarse skin
  • Constipation, change in bowel habit
  • Bradycardia
  • Hoarseness, menorrhagia muscle stiffness

Laryngeal carcinoma [top]

  • Progressive hoarseness over several months
  • Smoker
  • Dysphagia
  • Haemoptysis
  • Ear pain
  • Weight loss

Acromegaly [top]

  • Change in appearance with coarsening of features
  • Large hands
  • Macroglossia
  • Diabetes
  • Hoarseness

Chronic laryngitis [top]

  • Progressive hoarseness over several months
  • Previous recurrent acute laryngitis