Cervical disc prolapse [top]

  • Torticollis
  • Neck pain
  • Posterior prolapse: Pain or numbness in C5-C7 dermatomes; Reduced biceps / supinator reflex
  • Anterior prolapse: Leg numbness, weakness leg weakness

Infantile torticollis [top]

  • Excessive contraction of sternocleidomastoid in young infant neck spasm torticollis
  • Deviation of head to affected side
  • Palpable mass in sternocleidomastoid muscle

Spasmodic torticollis [top]

  • Intermittent attacks of sternocleidomastoid / trapezius torticollis neck spasm
  • Young adult, may be familial