Cardiac failure [top]

  • Peripheral oedema
  • Ascites
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Elevated JVP

Venous insufficiency [top]

  • Lower leg pain or aching on prolonged standing
  • Varicose veins, Venous ulcers, trophic skin changes
  • Peripheral oedema
  • Previous DVT, recurrent cellulitis
  • Relieved by lying down

Pulmonary hypertension [top]

  • Peripheral oedema
  • Shortness of breath
  • Recurrent syncope
  • Chest pain