Intermittent claudication [top]

  • Cramping leg pain
  • Predictable onset after exertion
  • Relieved by rest
  • Poor peripheral pulses
  • History of peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, smoker, IHD
  • AssociatedImpotence - Leriche's syndrome

COPD [top]

  • Persistent productive cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Smoker
  • Hyperinflated chest
  • Loss of lung markings on CXR

Bronchial carcinoma [top]

  • Haemoptysis
  • Weight loss
  • Smoker
  • Clubbing
  • Pleuritic chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Opacity on CXR

Laryngeal carcinoma [top]

  • Progressive hoarseness over several months
  • Smoker
  • Dysphagia
  • Haemoptysis
  • Ear pain
  • Weight loss