Causes of toe deformity

Hammer toe [top]

  • Deformity of proximal interphalangeal joint of toe with tip pointing down toe deformity
  • Causes: Poorly-fitting shoes, Neurological disease, Rheumatoid arthritis

Hallux valgus [top]

  • Lateral deviation of big toe toe deformity
  • Associated with bunion and development of osteoarthritis of big toe joint
  • Risk factors: Familial, tight footwear, women